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Arm Tattoo

What is Gynecomastia? 

Gynecomastia surgery reduces breast size in men, flattening and enhancing the chest contours.


In severe cases of gynecomastia, the weight of excess breast tissue may cause the breasts to sag and stretch the areola (the dark skin surrounding the nipple). In these cases the position and size of the areola can be surgically improved and excess skin may be reduced.


Gynecomastia is a condition of overdeveloped or enlarged breasts in men that can occur at any age. The condition can be the result of hormonal changes, heredity, obesity or the use of certain drugs.


Gynecomastia can cause emotional discomfort and impair your self-confidence. Some men may even avoid certain physical activities and intimacy simply to hide their condition.


Gynecomastia is characterized by:

Excess localized fat

Excess glandular tissue development

Sometimes excess breast skin

Presence unilaterally (one breast) or bilaterally (both breasts)



Gynecomastia surgery candidates include:

Men whose condition cannot be corrected through alternative medical treatments

Healthy individuals who do not have a life-threatening illness or medical conditions that can impair healing

Nonsmokers and non-drug users

Men with a positive outlook and specific goals in mind for improving the physical symptoms of gynecomastia

Men who are physically healthy and of relatively normal weight

Men who have realistic expectations

Men whose breast development has stabilized

Men who are bothered by the feeling that their breasts are too large


Adolescents may benefit from surgery, although secondary procedures may be needed in the future should breast development continue.

The information on this page is referenced from American Society of Plastic Surgery.

Whiteman, David. “Gynecomastia Surgery.” American Society of Plastic Surgeons, American Society of Plastic Surgeons, 2018,

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